Revolution or Terrorism?

espejo-cpp-npa-ndf-20150726-640-2One of the great burdens of our country, the communist insurgency from which we all enjoyed a shaky respite, appears to have gone back to its hateful, violent norm. After brief hope that the Duterte administration’s ceasefire and negotiations with the CPP-NPA would bring about peace, the recent killing of 6 soldiers and kidnapping of another 2, has ended the dream, at least for now. Duterte has rightfully dropped the proffered olive branch and announced renewed war.

As President Duterte said, he cannot be faulted for not trying. Government efforts started as early as the SONA when a unilateral ceasefire was announced. What this failed effort calls into question anew is whether the CPP-NPA can be sincere in its desire for peace, and capable of keeping its side of the bargain. Or is it in fact a bit like negotiating with an entity for it to kill itself? Is it like negotiating with cows to end the existence of all cows? How embedded is violence and overthrow of the government with their stated ideology of the the workers’ and farmers’ struggle?

Likewise, the idea of the CPP-NPA as an organized force reporting centrally to a recognized common leadership is thrown into doubt. The CPP-NPA seemed unable to even enforce a ceasefire in its ranks nationwide. No wonder. It stands to reason that with such a diverse and geographically separated country like ours, the CPP-NPA shares similarities with the Moro insurgents. There are probably numerous splinter and rogue groups, only nominally still under the CPP-NPA umbrella. How many of these groups are actually disguised kidnap-for-ransom and extortion gangs? How many are just plain bandits wanting to live off “revolutionary taxes” and act like warlords in their area? How do you even negotiate with such a multi-headed hydra?

If ideology were really important, then the CPP-NPA should already be seeing in Duterte a great opportunity. How many Philippine presidents have invited communists and leftists to join the administration? Isn’t that the end goal of the fight–to have a seat at the table and influence or even make policy? If they cannot be happy with partial participation, then they should also support Duterte’s call to change to a Parliamentary system, because they can then consolidate as a political party and run in the elections. That could lead to the birth of a real party system in the country that is distinguished by ideologies.

The non-violent Left should already be distancing themselves from their violent counterparts. The self-styled leftist sympathizers and the anti-Duterte crowd have found common ground and are already making noises about the failed peace talks. As usual, the noise is grating because it gives too much credence to a discredited ideology and the CPP-NPA, as if it should be treated like an entity equal to the government. How anybody can not be on the side of the government on this just speaks to partisan agendas and an overall lack of patriotism.

The cards are on the table. Anyone who insists on supplanting the government via the force of arms should not be romanticized and hidden behind the term, “revolutionary”. In fact, as Duterte himself has realized, the correct term for these people is “terrorist”.

Thoughts on TP’s latest Pasabog on Rappler

Should media companies like Rappler be allowed to circumvent foreign ownership restrictions imposed by the Philippine constitution just by utilizing some creative financial engineering i.e. a loophole? This was a question likewise raised by Tiglao in his article in Manila Times last October 28, 2016.

Philippine Depository Receipts (PDRs) have allowed Rappler to receive capital from foreign funds Omidyar Network and North Base Media to the tune of an estimated 100 million pesos. In effect, Rappler Inc. became 100% foreign-owned in 2015, as the local investors’ capital (represented by parent company Rappler Holdings) was wiped out by the several years of operating losses. (According to its 2015 SEC filings shared by TP, Rappler Holdings had a negative equity of some 35 million pesos.)

So the use of PDRs has effectively disguised the “takeover” of foreign shareholders. Voila! Rappler is a 100% foreign-owned media company–in clear contravention of the nationalist spirit of the Philippine constitution that feared foreign meddling and control of local media.

What is more concerning, as TP points out, is that both Omidyar and North Base have links to Soros, who has advocated regime change in other countries he deems to be “undemocratic’. Maria Ressa’s claims that the foreign funding will have no influence on editorial decisions can be believed, if only because their interests were already aligned to begin with.

My google search says the SEC had already put out draft rules back in 2012 that it would not allow PDRs to mask foreign ownership. Does anyone know whether this was later adopted formally? If so, Omidyar and North Base Media will have to sell.

I am passing the hat around –we can all buy Rappler collectively. It may not be profitable but think of it as your contribution to nation building. Wink.

 

Charles Englund (Facebook Post – Feb 2, 2017)

Galit sa Gulay – A Case Study

Suppose I wanted to invest in a fancy, money-losing carinderia–Aling Maria’s Carinderia. I can either lend it money i.e. invest in its DEBT (in which case I become a creditor), or buy its shares i.e. invest in its EQUITY (in which case I become a pro-rata owner). Hmm, ano kaya?

I really want to invest in the carinderia but if I lend it money, the required interest payment will kill the already fragile cashflow. So debt looks like a no go. Besides, sa atin-atin lang ha, I DO want to influence the menu. <insert sinister contrabida music here> Gusto ko chicken inasal at inihaw na baboy lang. Araw araw! Bwahaha (kulog. kidlat)! Why dafuk else would I invest in a money-losing business? Kailan naging charity si Charles Englund?! Even if the carinderia loses money forever, I don’t care.  I get my kicks in a different way.

So, Equity ang sagot. Equity grants me ownership, and as an owner I would have a say in how the carinderia is run. Si Aling Maria ubos na ang capital, pero masaya lang siya basta makapagluto. Mahilig magluto yon eh. And like me, she is also an inasal lover.

But, Ooops! It seems like the killjoy 1987 Philippine constitution has an ownership restriction against bloggers owning carinderias in the Philippines. This is to prevent those nasty, evil bloggers from influencing the menu of the nation’s carinderias, thereby having undue influence over the Filipino waistline.

Alam ko na! Bigay ko muna sa friend ko ang pera. My friend, Pedro (let’s call him PDR for short) is NOT a blogger so ok lang. I make a contract with PDR so that he “owns” the stock but really is bound by our wink-wink agreement to do as I say. Even if PDR grows a conscience and thwarts my evil inasal plans, I can still go to friendly Aling Maria (who knows I am the real one buttering her pan de sal). So may influence pa rin ako.

Let’s go Maria. Let’s go Pedro. Heto ang pera. File niyo na sa SEC. Under industry classification be sure to put “Food and other related restaurant business”, ok? Mabuti na yung hindi nagsisinungaling, baka dyan pa tayo masabit.

That Post-Truth Glass of Water

201208-omag-quiz-half-empty-glass-949x534It amuses me how some people can so easily (and arrogantly) dismiss the possibility of “alternative truth”.
 
Do we really live in a world of absolute truths? Unquestionable facts?
 
“The only path to salvation is thru our Lord, Jesus Christ.” That is an example of absolute truth to some people. But ask a Moslem or a Hindu, and they will disagree and have their own truth. An alternative truth.
 
“Trump and Duterte are the same.” That is truth in the sense that both have had controversial statements regarding women. “Trump and Duterte are different”, however, is also true when one considers that Trump is a conservative, and Duterte is a liberal. Unlike Trump, Duterte has a great track record of fighting for women’s rights, reproductive rights, and the LGBT community.
 
So how can two diametrically opposed statements be true at the same time? Surely, we have to realize that there are multiple factors and dimensions to consider. To arrogantly say that only your truth is true, is now the ultimate statement of simple-minded entitlement, exactly one of the gripes behind the populist revolts seen round the world.
 
The next time we are tempted to think we now live in a post-truth world, we should perhaps  remember that proverbial glass of water from time immemorial. Until now, people are still arguing whether it is half-full or half-empty.

Rogue Cops and Reforming the PNP

camp-crame-0520Twenty years ago, I was in Crame. That was the first and hopefully last time I ever go there. The reason was mundane (a traffic accident) but I was led through what seemed like the bowels of one of the buildings. I remember passing by a small room which was empty except for only one chair in the middle. It was not even a second of time spent walking past that room, but I immediately got the shivers. After all, I am a Martial Law baby, and I have an almost organic fear of those army and police camps on EDSA. I imagined an interrogation, someone blindfolded and tied to the chair, a man with a cudgel or holding the ends of electric wires standing over.

How much of my sudden fear and revulsion was conditioned by Hollywood, and how much was based on reasonable assessment? I don’t know. But I am not ignorant to the reality that life is cheap in a poor third world country. I would have felt the same shivers in Bangkok or Jakarta, if I were Thai or Indonesian.

The recent bold killing of a Korean national right inside Crame only highlights the extent of depravity and abuse that still exists inside the PNP today. The exposure of generals and other high-ranking officials in the narco trade is another reminder. Some say the brutality is coming back due to Duterte’s war on drugs and the attitude of all out support to the uniformed services given by the President. It is therefore become more imperative that quick and decisive action be done in this high profile case.

PNP chief Bato, who once broke down in tears over the sad state of criminals among the PNP ranks, seems sincere in efforts to reform the institution, but this latest grotesque incident can only be taken as a slap on his face.

“Very angry. Very offended. Kung pwede lang matunaw ako ngayon sa kinalalagyan ko sa hiya. It happened sa loob ng Camp Crame. Kinuha nila doon sa Caloocan, dinala doon sa loob ng Camp Crame, at doon pinatay. Kung pwede lang matunaw ako ngayon sa hiya. Hiyang-hiya ako,” he said in a briefing in Malacañang.

There is no question about the sorry state of our institutions, the police and justice system chief among them. However, this does not mean that we should give up. The idea of waiting to wage a drug war until you have a totally flawless police is illogical. Should we just stop chasing criminals and enforcing laws since the police are corrupt? Should we stop putting out fires until we have the perfect, corruption-free fire department?

We should not forget that there are good and decent people in these services too. Duterte and Bato, I think more than any other previous top officials, have gone on record and stated publicly that they recognize the problems and want to reform the PNP and AFP. These are not easy nor uncomplicated tasks. Increasing the woeful pay of our police and soldiers is certainly one measure. If we didn’t pay them like slave animals, perhaps they would not act like animals. The other measure: to increase morale and heighten awareness for public service and love of country has certainly been done, and done well by no less than Duterte himself.

Unfortunately, these two measures are the ones being strangely derided by the anti-Duterte’s, who see it as coddling in preparation for Martial Law. In their view, the root of all evil is the President’s potty mouth. That seems to be the end all, and be all of their argument.

The recommendation then is obvious, act decisively in this sad case of Jee, prosecute the monster cops to the full extent of the law. (Incidentally, I think cases like this are exactly why Duterte wants the death penalty back). For the potty mouth, scale back and instead give explicit threats Duterte-style that criminal cops will be sorry they ever lived.

CE Jan 2017

Travel Thoughts – Singapore

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Singapore still elicits mixed reactions among Filipinos. Perhaps because it is: 1) a sucess story and 2) anti-thetical to many Filipino’s beliefs on the “proper way” to develop. In fact, some of these Filipinos would even question #1.

Many still believe the Singapore experience is a fluke, an accident of circumstance. A model that is not replicable or scaleable. In other words, Singapore was lucky enough to be small and have Lee Kuan Yew, and that’s all there is to it.

Nevertheless, standing on the quay where a stone merlion spews a lively jet of water into the bay, I thought I heard voices. Not surprising since this small city state, once a sleepy backwater, is where most Filipinos see ghosts of what-could-have-been. Amidst the Jetsons-inspired tableau, with the Marina Bay Sands shooting lasers into the sky, the merlion whispered to me, “Do not be afraid. Courage is needed to go against the crowd and break out of old models. The purpose of government is to make citizens’ lives better. Everything else is ego and whimsy”.

Do You Want to Oust Duterte?

36401874-frozen-picture

Sing to the tune of Do You Want to Build a Snowman (from Frozen)

Leni: Loida?
(Knocking: Knock, knock, knock, knock, knock, knock)
Do you want to oust Duterte?
Come on you know you want to play
It’s the man that we both abhor
Let’s kick him out the door
You’ve got billions anyway…
We have Goldberg, our best buddy
And now we’re hot
I’m so tired of standing by!
Do you want to oust Duterte?
You know we can oust Duterte..

The Morning of Creative Cropping

02_ppm-protest-11-30-16I respected your right to get together and air your grievances. I liked some of the witty slogans. However, there are a few facts that remain clear. Judging from the aerial photos (not the tight cropped ones that you are passing around), this issue is not enough to galvanize enough people. PNP estimated only 3,000 attended. Even if we generously multiplied that by 10x, it is clear that the Marcos burial, however passionate some individuals (especially the leftists) are on social media, is something that the majority would just rather get over.

All these efforts to pass off the size of the crowd as larger than it was, patting the unwitting millenials on the back, claiming to have unified broad sectors of society, is…overreaching. We can all see it.

Even on social media, all the exhortations were meeting lukewarm response. Someone even wondered aloud whether her FB was working since she was getting less likes on her posts about the issue. The comment that got me scratching my head is when someone tried to double down and say it was not even an anti-Marcos rally at all. Huh? Just teaching the youth to be activist?

You should all look ahead now. If you don’t want a Marcos comeback, come up with a better alternative than BBM. Find a real champion, someone with gravitas, not another non-executive widow. Kung si Hillary nga with all her experience hindi pa nanalo. You have to find a Bernie Sanders. An MVP? An Ayala? Razon, Gokongwei or Sy?

Let us Teach our Children

I am for educating our youth about history. To be effective, it has to be a COMPLETE education, and not a politicized spoon-feeding. Teach them about the Cold War and how Asia was carved into spheres of influence. Teach them about the Oil Crisis and hyperinflation of the 1970’s. Teach them about Marcos, but also about Suharto, Mahathir and Park Chung-hee.

I am a Martial Law baby. As a child, I remember seeing the almost daily riots of the First Quarter Storm. The first corpse I saw was the body of a student demonstrator lying face down on the road after Fidel Ramos’s PC Metrocom clashed with a huge red phalanx of them shouting “Marcos, Hitler, Diktador, Tuta!” 

I lived through the economic crisis when my family could not afford meat everyday even if we were solidly in the middle class. I can sing you the propaganda jingles of Kit Tatad. The songs and slogans. The New Society. Pulong-pulong sa Kaunlaran. Masagana 99. The metro aides. I remember riding the Love Bus to Escolta. There was no traffic then.

I was at EDSA in 1986. There was Chito Gascon and Rissa Hontiveros, then just student activists from UP and Ateneo, with megaphones giving instructions. We followed them, the leaders of our student government.

My history teacher told us that Marcos, like any other president, had some good points and bad points. She left it at that. So we had to decide for ourselves. This being the Ateneo, we sniggered and thought, “Marcos loyalist pala si Ms. A.”

Later on, after much reading and studying, travelling and living, I still remember what that history teacher said. I just hope my children can make up their own minds, not be slaves to politicians’ purposes, think critically and be able to use different lenses to view the world.

Charles Englund

November 2016